Living Principles – Lesson 6


Esther – Woman exalted for a time and place


We have been looking at individuals who faced very uncertain and dangerous futures.  Esther was a young Jewish woman who had been exalted to the place of Queen.  Yet, even in this place of privilege, she was not protected from the evil plot which Haman devised to destroy the Jews.


Haman – wicked because of his pride and arrogance.

Esther 3:1–6 ESV “3:1 ¶ After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, and advanced him and set his throne above all the officials who were with him.

3:2 And all the king’s servants who were at the king’s gate bowed down and paid homage to Haman, for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai did not bow down or pay homage.

3:3 Then the king’s servants who were at the king’s gate said to Mordecai, “Why do you transgress the king’s command?”

3:4 And when they spoke to him day after day and he would not listen to them, they told Haman, in order to see whether Mordecai’s words would stand, for he had told them that he was a Jew.

3:5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow down or pay homage to him, Haman was filled with fury.

3:6 But he disdained to lay hands on Mordecai alone. So, as they had made known to him the people of Mordecai, Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus.”


Turning Point in chapter 4


Haman’s evil plot to destroy the Jews is found in chapter 3.  When Mordecai heard of the plot against the Jews, he sat down in sackcloth and ashes which means he went into mourning and humbling himself before the Lord.


“SACKCLOTH Garment of coarse material fashioned from goat or camel hair worn as a sign of mourning or anguish, also marked by fasting and sitting on an ash heap (Isa. 58:5). Jonah 3:8 notes even animals mourned in sackcloth. The shape of the garment could have been either a loose fitting sack placed over the shoulders or a loincloth. The word “sack” is a transliteration of the Hebrew word rather than a translation. See Grief and Mourning.[1]


When faced with great tragedies, the first response should be humbling, mourning, fasting, and praying to the Lord.  Mordecai humbled himself before the Lord.


Esther 4:1–17 ESV “4:1 ¶ When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry.

4:2 He went up to the entrance of the king’s gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king’s gate clothed in sackcloth.

4:3 And in every province, wherever the king’s command and his decree reached, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting and weeping and lamenting, and many of them lay in sackcloth and ashes.


Well-intention effort of Esther


4:4 ¶ When Esther’s young women and her eunuchs came and told her, the queen was deeply distressed. She sent garments to clothe Mordecai, so that he might take off his sackcloth, but he would not accept them.


Esther wanted Mordecai to stop mourning and return back to his regular position.  She sent him a change of clothes, but he refused.

Sometimes those closest to us have great intentions for us but they are wrong.  We must use great discernment when to mourn and fast and when to stop.


4:5 Then Esther called for Hathach, one of the king’s eunuchs, who had been appointed to attend her, and ordered him to go to Mordecai to learn what this was and why it was.

4:6 Hathach went out to Mordecai in the open square of the city in front of the king’s gate,

4:7 and Mordecai told him all that had happened to him, and the exact sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king’s treasuries for the destruction of the Jews.

4:8 Mordecai also gave him a copy of the written decree issued in Susa for their destruction, that he might show it to Esther and explain it to her and command her to go to the king to beg his favor and plead with him on behalf of her people.

4:9 And Hathach went and told Esther what Mordecai had said.


Mordecai told Esther what had transpired with Haman’s evil plans against the Jews.  Being in the castle, she was probably not aware of the decree that had been signed into law.


4:10 Then Esther spoke to Hathach and commanded him to go to Mordecai and say,

4:11 “All the king’s servants and the people of the king’s provinces know that if any man or woman goes to the king inside the inner court without being called, there is but one law—to be put to death, except the one to whom the king holds out the golden scepter so that he may live. But as for me, I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days.”



Mordecai wanted Esther to go to the king and plead for her people.  She responded by reminding him of the custom of entering the inner court without being called – penalty was death unless the king extended the golden scepter.


4:12 ¶ And they told Mordecai what Esther had said.

4:13 Then Mordecai told them to reply to Esther, “Do not think to yourself that in the king’s palace you will escape any more than all the other Jews.

4:14 For if you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father’s house will perish. And who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time as this?”


Mordecai replied to Esther that God may have put her where she is for just this time to save her people.  But, if she did not answer the call, God would use someone else but her safety would still be in question.  He reminded her that just because she resided in the palace did not assure her of her safety.


4:15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai,

4:16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my young women will also fast as you do. Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, and if I perish, I perish.”

4:17 Mordecai then went away and did everything as Esther had ordered him.”


Esther agreed to go to the king and plead on behalf of her people only if Mordecai would gather all the Jews in Susa to fast and pray for three days along with her and her maidens.  Then she would go see the king.


God’s miraculous workings behind the scene

Chapter 5 – 9 – How God worked in delivering the Jews from destruction and how those who plotted evil were destroyed by their own devices.

Chapter 10 – Mordecai is promoted.


Living Principle:  No evil plot is ever hidden from the Lord, He is strong on behalf of those who trust in Him.


Psalm 37:12–17 ESV “37:12 ¶ The wicked plots against the righteous and gnashes his teeth at him,

37:13 but the Lord laughs at the wicked, for he sees that his day is coming.

37:14 ¶ The wicked draw the sword and bend their bows to bring down the poor and needy, to slay those whose way is upright;

37:15 their sword shall enter their own heart, and their bows shall be broken.

37:16 ¶ Better is the little that the righteous has than the abundance of many wicked.

37:17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken, but the Lord upholds the righteous.”



Background information on Esther

Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther are the historical books that shows the history of the Jews during the time of their exile.  Ezra and Nehemiah deal with the return of the Jews back to the land of Israel while Esther deals with the Jews that chose to stay in the land of exile.

Esther is the last of the 17 historical books.

There is quite a contrast between the two because of the choices that the Jews made.  The majority of Jews decided to stay in the land of exile rather than return back to the homeland.  They had established themselves in the new land and probably became quite successful in the wealth of the Persian empire.

Only a remnant of the Jews made the choice to return to the land.  The remnant that returned left behind the ease of the life in exile to return back to a land that had be desolated.  They sought to return home even in the midst of great struggle to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.

The Jews who remained in exile in the Persian Empire still had to face difficulties for being Jews, who are God’s chosen people.  The devil sought to destroy them but God intervened to protect and keep them.

One interesting point about the book of Esther is there is no mention of the Lord in the book.  From the first verse to the closing verse, one will not read the name Jehovah.

Why is it left out?  Why isn’t God mentioned at all in the book?  Could it be because the Jews in exile chose to stay there rather than return back to the land of Promise?  Could it be because they had become worldly and chosen the pleasures and riches of the world over the things of God?  Could it be because they had forgotten God in their prosperity they had acquired in the place of exile?

Even though the name of Jehovah does not appear in the pages of Esther, just reading the accounts affirms to the reader that God, even though He is silent, is quietly working to protect, keep, and uphold His people.  His hand of guidance and protection is seen at every turn of the book from the removal of Vashti as queen to allow Esther to become the queen to the timing of the reading of Mordecai’s actions that saved the king.

{Just a note:  Jehovah does appear in acrostic form in four verses found in Esther and once as Ehyeh ( I am that I am) in one verse. 

He does appear in acrostic form five times – four times as Jehovah and one time as Ehyeh (I am that I am) – 1:20; 5:4; 5:13; 7:7; 7:5}

God is not asleep or out of touch with what is happening to His people.  He is there protecting and keeping.  Even in the midst of a crisis when all seems lost or hopeless, the Lord is still present and still in control.

The book of Esther is a book of crisis.  The Jews in the Persian Empire are facing annihilation from a source (Haman) that is bent on their destruction.  The providential hand of God is on His people to put into place the means necessary to protect and keep them. 

God placed Esther as the Queen in the palace to avert the crisis.

God has a great foreknowledge to prepare in advance His plan.  Esther is a book that shows the foreknowledge of the Lord.


Theme of Esther


God provides and preserves His people, even when they do not readily see His hand.

God provides for His people, even those that were out of His will and did not return to Israel. 


Outline of Esther


The book of Esther is broken down into two parts.


Chapters 1 – 5 – Plot to destroy the Jews

Chapter 1 – Queen Vashti removed

Chapter 2 – Esther becomes queen

Chapter 3 – Haman, the Jew’s enemy, plots

Chapter 4 – Mordecai pleads for help from Esther

Chapter 5 – Esther asks for help


Chapters 6 – 10 – Plot is undermined and averted

Chapter 6 – Mordecai is honored

Chapter 7 – Haman is executed

Chapter 8 – Jews are avenged

Chapter 9 – Feast of Purim is established

Chapter 10 – Mordecai is promoted



Key Verses of Esther


Mordecai, Esther’s cousin, reminded her that even though she was the Queen in the palace, she would not escape the plot brewing against the Jews.  He knew that the Jews would be delivered and if Esther did not do her part, the Lord would bring deliverance by another means.

His words hit home that she needed to understand that the reason she was put above all the other women in the realm was for such a time as this that she might intercede on behalf of her people. 

Esther 4:13–14 ESV “4:13 Then Mordecai told them to reply to Esther, “Do not think to yourself that in the king’s palace you will escape any more than all the other Jews.

4:14 For if you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father’s house will perish. And who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time as this?””


Esther requested that the Jews who were in the palace spend time over the next three days praying.  The word fasting is always associated with prayer to the Lord.  Not only did she ask them to pray but she spent time herself in prayer and fasting.

After that, she would go into the presence of the king to intercede for her people.  She was resign that if she died she would die trying to save her people, the Jews.

Esther 4:15–16 ESV “4:15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai,

4:16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my young women will also fast as you do. Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, and if I perish, I perish.””

This key passages teaches two great lessons. 

First, the placement of individuals by the Lord in certain situations and offices to do His will.  This speaks of the foreknowledge of the Lord to opening doors so His will be accomplished.

This is a reminder to all Christians to look and see where they are and for what purpose.  God has a purpose for each life.  God has placed the Christian in a place to serve Him.

Second, the courage to step out on convictions to do what is right regardless of the consequences.  The consequences of going into the presence of the king without being summoned could have meant her death.  She was willing to sacrifice herself to save her people.


Time table of Esther


The book of Esther covers over a 9 year period.  Some Bible scholars believe the book of Esther covers a 12 year period.

From chapter one to chapter two covers a span of approximately 4 years.

Esther 1:3–4 ESV “1:3 in the third year of his reign he gave a feast for all his officials and servants. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces were before him,

1:4 while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of his greatness for many days, 180 days.”


From chapter 2 to 3, another five years have passed by.

Esther 3:7 ESV “¶ In the first month, which is the month of Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast Pur (that is, they cast lots) before Haman day after day; and they cast it month after month till the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar.”


Key characters in the book of Esther

Ahasuerus – Persian ruler from 485 to 465 BC – Xerxes – son of Darius

Ahasuerus, is the Persian ruler known by his Greek name as Xerxes 1.  He reigned over the Persian empire from 485 to 465 BC.  He is an interesting individual that is known for his quick temper and rage.  Just in the Scriptures, his anger and temper cost him a beautiful wife because she refused to be humiliated and exploited in front of a room full of drunken men.  He sold out a whole race of individuals to Haman and quickly changed his mind when confronted by Esther by allowing the Jews to retaliate against those that would do them harm.

He was a man driven by pleasure as seen in the feast that he gave, one which lasted for 180 days.  He was also the sovereign king over Persian Empire in that his word was the law and what he decided to do was carried out.  He was the king, final authority, over the empire.


Vashti – “Beautiful woman”

Vashti was the Ahasuerus’ queen.  Her name means ‘beautiful woman.’  She was not only know by her beauty but also her courage and modesty.  Ahasuerus, after feasting and partying for many weeks, was in a drunken state that he wanted his queen to come and show the rest of the men at the feast her great beauty.  So, he summons the queen but she refuses to come.  She was more courageous and right than he was. 

Instead of protecting the modesty and beauty of his wife, his drunken state lead him to poor judgment.  She refused to succumb to such an immoral request from her husband.

Because of his mental state of being under the influence of alcohol, he reacted poorly.  He asked his advisers what should be done to the queen since she embarrassed him by refusing to obey his demands.  One of his advisors, Memucan, answered by saying that not only did Vashti show disrespect to the king, but she showed disrespect to all the men because their wives might disobey their husband because of her example.  He recommended that Vashti be removed as the queen.

The advice pleased the king so he removed her from being the queen.

Vashti was right and Ahasuerus was wrong.  She was fully justified in refusing to do what her husband had asked.  She was the courageous, modest, and right one.

Unfortunately, she paid the price for standing up for what is right.



Mordicai, a Jew, was employed by the Persian Empire and lived in the palace in Shushan (Susa).  He was a well know figure and carried some political weight because when he refused to bow to Haman, the others did nothing.  He fulfilled his duty at “the king’s gate.”

He was very loyal to Ahasuerus because when he discovered a plot to kill the king, he revealed the plot and the would be assassins were executed.

He was promoted because of his faithfulness.



Esther is her Persian name which means ‘star’.  Hadassah is her Hebrew name which means ‘myrtle’.

Esther, the Jewish orphan girl, was raised by Mordecai, her cousin.  She was a very beautiful woman, so much that she so impressed Ahasuerus with her beauty that he made her the queen.

She was very beautiful on the inside.  This inward grace and beauty caused her to find favor with Hegai, the keeper of the women.

Esther 2:8–9 ESV “2:8 So when the king’s order and his edict were proclaimed, and when many young women were gathered in Susa the citadel in custody of Hegai, Esther also was taken into the king’s palace and put in custody of Hegai, who had charge of the women.

2:9 And the young woman pleased him and won his favor. And he quickly provided her with her cosmetics and her portion of food, and with seven chosen young women from the king’s palace, and advanced her and her young women to the best place in the harem.”

Mordecai advised her to keep her heritage secret from the royal group.  Why?  Probably because of the treatment that the Jews were receiving at the hands of certain individuals.




Esther 8:1 ESV “¶ On that day King Ahasuerus gave to Queen Esther the house of Haman, the enemy of the Jews. And Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had told what he was to her.”

Haman, the enemy of the Jews, came on the scene politically in the middle of chapter 3 which is about 5 years after Esther becomes the queen.  He rises to power in the political arena.  He has become the grand vizier (one of the highest officials under the king) of the realm even to the point that the king sent out a proclamation that everyone will bow their knees before Haman.

Mordecai refused to bow before Haman.  This infuriated Haman but he was unable to do anything about it because of Mordecai’s position in the palace.  However, he sought to destroy the Jews and in turn it would destroy Mordecai.  No reason is given for why he hated the Jews so much, but one must remember that there is a spiritual battle going on and Satan is trying to destroy God’s people. 

Haman came up with a scheme to destroy the Jews by the hand of the king.  He told the king that he would pay into the treasury of the king for any financial loss the empire would incur for the destruction of the Jews.  The king agreed and a decree went out that on a certain day, the Jews in the land could be killed.

Esther 3:12–15 ESV “3:12 ¶ Then the king’s scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and an edict, according to all that Haman commanded, was written to the king’s satraps and to the governors over all the provinces and to the officials of all the peoples, to every province in its own script and every people in its own language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed with the king’s signet ring.

3:13 Letters were sent by couriers to all the king’s provinces with instruction to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate all Jews, young and old, women and children, in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, and to plunder their goods.

3:14 A copy of the document was to be issued as a decree in every province by proclamation to all the peoples to be ready for that day.

3:15 The couriers went out hurriedly by order of the king, and the decree was issued in Susa the citadel. And the king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city of Susa was thrown into confusion.”

The last phrase is interesting because the palace of Shushan was confused over the decree.  They could not understand how the king could send out such a decree to have an entire race of individuals destroyed.  Remember that there are things that go on behind the scenes and this is more than just an earthly decision but a spiritual battle.

Ephesians 6:12 ESV “For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.”


Pivotal point


Chapter six is the pivotal point in the plot against the Jews.  Just so subtle that one would not notice the issue if it was not pointed out in the Word of God.  The pivotal point was in the night that the king could not sleep.  The Lord caused the king to be restless so that he had servants read the chronicles of what has transpired.

Esther 6:1–3 ESV “6:1 ¶ On that night the king could not sleep. And he gave orders to bring the book of memorable deeds, the chronicles, and they were read before the king.

6:2 And it was found written how Mordecai had told about Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king’s eunuchs, who guarded the threshold, and who had sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus.

6:3 And the king said, “What honor or distinction has been bestowed on Mordecai for this?” The king’s young men who attended him said, “Nothing has been done for him.””

Unknown to the king is that Haman was coming to ask for Mordecai to be executed.  However, the Lord intervened and by a sleepless night and the reading of an account in the history of the Persian empire, the loyalty and importance of Mordecai is noted.

Why was the king sleepless?  Why in all the writings was the reading of what Mordecai did read?  Coincidence?  No, the hand of the Lord working to preserve His people.

This pivotal point was beyond just preserving the life of Mordecai, but the lives of the Jews who remained in the realm of the Persian Empire.

Isn’t interesting that the sleepless night came between the first and second banquet that the Queen had prepared for the king and Haman?  Isn’t it interesting that the very place the servants read from dealt with Mordecai, the very man that Haman was coming to ask the king for permission to execute him?

Esther 7:1–6 ESV “7:1 ¶ So the king and Haman went in to feast with Queen Esther.

7:2 And on the second day, as they were drinking wine after the feast, the king again said to Esther, “What is your wish, Queen Esther? It shall be granted you. And what is your request? Even to the half of my kingdom, it shall be fulfilled.”

7:3 Then Queen Esther answered, “If I have found favor in your sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be granted me for my wish, and my people for my request.

7:4 For we have been sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated. If we had been sold merely as slaves, men and women, I would have been silent, for our affliction is not to be compared with the loss to the king.”

7:5 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther, “Who is he, and where is he, who has dared to do this?”

7:6 And Esther said, “A foe and enemy! This wicked Haman!” Then Haman was terrified before the king and the queen.”


In chapter 7, Haman is summoned to the second banquet where the king asks Esther what she wanted.  He was willing to give her up to half of his kingdom which signifies the importance that she held with the king.  When she pleaded for her life, the king was perplexed as to who would seek her life.

Could you imagine the look on Haman’s face when he was pointed out as the very one that was seeking to have the Queen killed?  He did not know that she was a Jew because she hid her heritage.  In his rage, the king walked out of the banquet into the garden area.  Probably to calm down so before he handled the situation.  In his absence, Haman, who was so afraid for his life, fell on the sofa that Esther was sitting on and pleaded for his life.

When the king walked back in and saw Haman on the couch, he was enraged. 

Esther 7:7–10 ESV “7:7 ¶ And the king arose in his wrath from the wine-drinking and went into the palace garden, but Haman stayed to beg for his life from Queen Esther, for he saw that harm was determined against him by the king.

7:8 And the king returned from the palace garden to the place where they were drinking wine, as Haman was falling on the couch where Esther was. And the king said, “Will he even assault the queen in my presence, in my own house?” As the word left the mouth of the king, they covered Haman’s face.

7:9 Then Harbona, one of the eunuchs in attendance on the king, said, “Moreover, the gallows that Haman has prepared for Mordecai, whose word saved the king, is standing at Haman’s house, fifty cubits high.”

7:10 And the king said, “Hang him on that.” So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the wrath of the king abated.”

As soon as the king spoke, one of the servants covered Haman’s face, which is a Persian custom that when a person is to be executed he is counted as not worthy to see the light of day. 

Haman was executed on the very tree that he intended to hang Mordecai.

Poetic justice?  No, this was the righteous judgment of the Lord on the life of a man who hated the Lord’s people.  Haman received the judgment for his hatred and willingness to kill all of the Jews in the kingdom.


The plot to kill the Jews is still active so Esther pleads to the king to send out a decree that the Jews can take retaliation on all those that would seek to do them harm. 

Esther 8:7–14 ESV “8:7 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, “Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gallows, because he intended to lay hands on the Jews.

8:8 But you may write as you please with regard to the Jews, in the name of the king, and seal it with the king’s ring, for an edict written in the name of the king and sealed with the king’s ring cannot be revoked.”

8:9 ¶ The king’s scribes were summoned at that time, in the third month, which is the month of Sivan, on the twenty-third day. And an edict was written, according to all that Mordecai commanded concerning the Jews, to the satraps and the governors and the officials of the provinces from India to Ethiopia, 127 provinces, to each province in its own script and to each people in its own language, and also to the Jews in their script and their language.

8:10 And he wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed it with the king’s signet ring. Then he sent the letters by mounted couriers riding on swift horses that were used in the king’s service, bred from the royal stud,

8:11 saying that the king allowed the Jews who were in every city to gather and defend their lives, to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate any armed force of any people or province that might attack them, children and women included, and to plunder their goods,

8:12 on one day throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar.

8:13 A copy of what was written was to be issued as a decree in every province, being publicly displayed to all peoples, and the Jews were to be ready on that day to take vengeance on their enemies.

8:14 So the couriers, mounted on their swift horses that were used in the king’s service, rode out hurriedly, urged by the king’s command. And the decree was issued in Susa the citadel.”

In chapter 9, the record of the defense of the Jews is recorded.  After the first day, Esther requested another day to defend against those that would destroy the Jews.  The day was granted to them.

In the palace alone, there were 500 men that were destroyed by the Jews.  On the next day, another 300 were killed.

After this, there were three days of resting, rejoicing, and feasting for the deliverance from their enemies.  This became the Feast of Purim.

“Purim, commemorating the deliverance of the Jews from genocide through the efforts of Esther (Esther 9:16-32), derives its name from the “lot” (pur) which Haman planned to cast in order to decide when he should carry into effect the decree issued by the king for the extermination of the Jews (Esther 9:24). In the apocryphal book of 2 Maccabees (15:36), it is called the Day of Mordecai. It was celebrated on the fourteenth day of Adar (March) by those in villages and unwalled towns and on the 15th day by those in fortified cities (Esther 9:18-19). No mention of any religious observance is connected with the day; in later periods, the book of Esther was read in the synagogue on this day. It became a time for rejoicing and distribution of food and presents.”[2]



Lessons of Esther


Persian Jews represent the worldly Christians that should have gone deeper in their walk with the Lord, but they chose to stay in the world.  The Persian Jews should have gone back to Israel but they decided to stay in the empire because it was an easier life.

However, because one stays in the world does not exempt them from the dangers this world poses.  The battle still rages.  One can imagine the Jews in Persian falling on their knees in prayer to repent and turn back to the Lord for deliverance.

The worldly Christian needs to repent and walk close with the Lord.


Haman represents the coming antichrist.  His hatred for the Jews is evident in his life.  He sought to destroy the Jews but in the end he was destroyed.  The Antichrist will seek to destroy the Jews but in the end he will be destroyed.


No mention of the name of the Lord is found in Esther, but His hand is readily seen in the way things happened in the life of Mordecai and Esther.  Just because the name of the Lord is not mentioned does not mean that He is not involved.  He sits upon His Throne and rules.  He will accomplish His plan.  He will preserve His people.


Mordecai represents those faithful ones who serve the Lord.  He went through a time of great mourning and persecution but the Lord delivered him.  He was exalted to a place of great honor.


One last note:  after Esther, the Persian Jews are not mentioned because the ones who returned to Israel take the forefront in the Kingdom of the Lord because they are the ones mentioned in the Gospels when the Saviour is born.

[1] Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, s.v. “SACKCLOTH,” paragraph 14852.

[2] “FESTIVALS,” Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, n.p.